(eds.). Contact us or call us at 206-317-1860 if you’re interested in joining us or if you have any questions at all. Learn about the history of Papua New Guinea, including our ancestry, colonial settlers, WWII and our political history since Independence in 1975. The name Papua has also been long-associated with the island. The Law established a Papuan People's Assembly (MRP) with representatives of the different indigenous cultures of Papua. Austronesian-speaking peoples colonized many of the offshore islands to the north and east of New Guinea, such as New Ireland and New Britain, with settlements also on the coastal fringes of the main island in places. The northern lowlands are drained principally by the Mamberamo River and its tributaries on the western side, and by the Sepik on the eastern side. The island of New Guinea is an island within Melanesia containing two countries: Indonesia and Papua New Guinea. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. New Guinea contains many of the world's ecosystem types: glacial, alpine tundra, savanna, montane and lowland rainforest, mangroves, wetlands, lake and river ecosystems, seagrasses, and some of the richest coral reefs on the planet. The separation is not merely linguistic; warfare among societies was a factor in the evolution of the men's house: separate housing of groups of adult men, from the single-family houses of the women and children, for mutual protection from other tribal groups. New Guinea, located just 100 miles north of Australia, is the world's second largest island after Greenland, having become separated from the Australian mainland when the area now known as the Torres Strait flooded around 5000 B.C.E. In more recent millennia, another wave of people arrived on the shores of New Guinea. View this answer Papua New Guinea is not located on any continent because it is part of an island. The gardens of the New Guinea Highlands are ancient, intensive permacultures, adapted to high population densities, very high rainfalls (as high as 10,000 mm per year (400 in/yr)), earthquakes, hilly land, and occasional frost. Geographically, Bougainville is the largest of the Solomon Islands, located near the northern end of that chain.Bougainville is 75 miles (120 km) long and 40–60 miles (65–95 km) wide. You can see photos of electrical sockets above this article.