What started as a runny nose and slight cough has become frightening episodes where he's struggling to breathe. Yet, for parents, it can be hard not to worry about potential risks. DR. DARYL EFRON (Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia): Whooping cough is caused by a really nasty bacteria called Bordetella pertussis, and that produces a toxin that attacks the airways and causes a really nasty bronchitis. The virus was in circulation, even though it often wasn't obvious, and it was being carried by people who often had no idea they were infected, but the vast majority of people who came into contact with the virus had protection: they were vaccinated. Learn more about how vaccines work with the body’s immune system and different types of immunity.. From that point on they were protected. Review Immunization History Reviewing and assessing a patient’s immunization history should be done at every health care visit to help determine which vaccines may be needed. CDC: Vaccines: You Call the Shots. There have been claims of rare, serious reactions, even deaths. You Call the Shots consists of a series of modules that discuss vaccine-preventable diseases and the latest recommendations for vaccine storage, administration, and use. But we can definitely get you the flu vaccine today, and we will keep talking about the H.P.V. Fortunately, those are studies that can be done. SIR GUSTAV NOSSAL (University of Melbourne): Immunity is a wonderful natural defense system of the human body. On the other hand, you have parents that they can't even understand why this is even a question. So putting it bluntly, the white cells mightn't be fast enough or smart enough, if we hadn't whipped them along by a prior immunization. DR. SIMON FENSTERSZAUB (Quality Health Center): You don't have to cough, you just have to breathe. YULIA PATSAY: I was concerned that her immune system couldn't handle it, and we just waited. She had cancer in her liver and her lungs and her right hip and her left femur. It's a history that we don't seem to learn from. This is New York. As a parent, I would love to have a better understanding of why she behaves the way she behaves, why we have go through the same rituals and routines, every single time. Start studying Vaccines: Calling the Shots. Babies too young to get the pertussis shot may have no protection. Mark Atkin A.S.E. Define and explain cold chain management. NARRATOR: The science behind vaccines: why they work, how they work and how we decide to vaccinate or not…. MICHELLE BACHMAN IN ARCHIVE: …and she suffered from mental retardation thereafter. Now, that is the transformation in young lives that vaccines have brought. NARRATOR Sharon Washington SCIENTIFIC ADVISORS Joseph Buxbaum Lauri Markowitz Glen Nowak Walter Orenstein FOR GENEPOOL PRODUCTIONS LINE PRODUCERS Josephine Wright Malvina Martin Roslyn Walker DIRECTOR OF PRODUCTION Toni Malone ASSOCIATE PRODUCER Harry Panagiotidis ASSOCIATE PRODUCER/2ND UNIT DIRECTOR Faye Welborn PRODUCTION COORDINATOR Sally Storey SOUND RECORDISTS Martin Keir Johnny Camillo Anton Herbert Paul Rusnak RESEARCHERS Florienne Loder James Shirvill Michiko Smith FIELD COORDINATORS Edward Eberwine Iii Collin Smith Ashley Tindall ARCHIVE RESEARCHER Nora Niasari Supported by SBS/Film Victoria Traineeship Program SCIENTIFIC ADVISORS (AUSTRALIA) Robert Booy Julie Leask SCRIPT ADVISORS Jenny Royle Andrew Masterson ORIGINAL MUSIC Peter Dasent © 2014 Origin Music Publishing (APRA) Music recorded and mixed by Robin Gist SOUND DESIGNER Tristan Meredith ANIMATION AND VISUAL FX 21-19 CREATIVE DIRECTOR Domenico Bartolo POST PRODUCTION FACILITY City Post COLORIST Dee McClelland ASSISTANT EDITORS Lidia Costa Lucy Paplinska ONLINE EDITOR Belinda Fithie PRODUCTION ACCOUNTANT Bronwyn Speziale BUSINESS AFFAIRS Katie Shortland CJZ EXECUTIVE PRODUCER Michael Cordell SBS COMMISSIONING EDITOR John Godfrey FOR TANGLED BANK STUDIOS HEAD OF TELEVISION AND FILM Michael Rosenfeld EXECUTIVE IN CHARGE Sean Carroll DIRECTOR OF OPERATIONS Lori Beane SENIOR PRODUCERS David Elisco Anne Tarrant SENIOR RESEARCHER Laura Helft PRODUCTION COORDINATOR Lorri Garcia-Cottrell ASSOCIATE PRODUCER Bailey Frankel POST PRODUCTION SUPERVISOR Arjun Rao ASSISTANT TO THE EXECUTIVE PRODUCER Wilma Davis TRANSMEDIA/MARKETING LEAD Anne Zeiser ARCHIVAL MATERIALS Bentley Reference Library Bibliothèque de L'Académie Nationale de Médecine CDC/Mary Hilperthauser/Stafford Smith/Meredith Hickson/ Dr John Noble, Jr. CNN Critical Past December Media / Pemberton Films Eli Lilly EUFA Getty Images Julian Harneis L'Oreal Women in Science footage Directed by Alexandre Auvigne, Courtesy of Phénomène, France The Mutter Museum NBC Universal Staplegun Prelinger Archives Additional footage from âJabbed – Love, Fear And Vaccines' Developed with the assistance of Film Victoria © 2013 Genepool Productions, Screen Australia and SBS Corporation SPECIAL THANKS The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia The University of Oklahoma The University of California The University of Michigan The Oregon Health & Science University Doernbecher Children's Hospital The City of New York Mayor's Office of Media and Entertainment Grand Central Terminal Oklahoma Film & Music Office City of Philadelphia Greater Philadelphia Film Office Quality Health Center San Francisco Recreation and Park Department NOVA SERIES GRAPHICS yU + co. 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Apsell. Prior to administering vaccines, patients should be screened for contraindications and precautions ... WB 4267 Posttest You call the shots- HPV. GUSTAV NOSSAL: When that flu bug enters your body, the white cells like to move in on it, and they get a bit angry. SIMON FENSTERSZAUB: It's like telling me "Look, we found smallpox!" Around 80 percent of Americans will catch it at some stage in their lives. We don't see measles in New York! DR. AMY MIDDLEMAN (University of Oklahoma): We ask a lot of parents. Many of these genes play a role in brain development and in the way brain cells communicate. And so, she died of the effects of the cancer, which was spreading through her body. To receive continuing education (CE)
ARCHIVAL FOOTAGE: In the all-out fight against polio led by the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis, there were many years of struggle and heartbreak…. We all inhabit this planet together. Identifying the genetic causes is really important, because it gives us an anchor, a place to start. I mean no one sees measles. PAUL OFFIT: Edward Jenner's observation caused us to eliminate a disease from the face of the earth, a disease that killed as many as 500-million people. Start studying Vaccines- calling the shots video. Older adults still need their shots for the flu, shingles, and more. SIMON FENSTERSZAUB: The first case that, that I saw was a 12-month-old girl that came into the office with mom, because of a rash. Seventy years later, an English doctor named Edward Jenner took the next vital step. FEES: No fees are charged for CDCâs CE activities. And in some places it's far higher. Several days later, the girls became ill. 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