"Girls and Women in Classical Greek Religion", Looking at the Renaissance: Religious Context in the Renaissance, Hellenic Religion today: Polytheism in modern Greece, Themis: A Study of the Social Origins of Greek Religion, "Rites of Passage in Ancient Greece: Literature, Religion, Society", Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, The Homeric Gods: The Spiritual Significance of Greek Religion, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ancient_Greek_religion&oldid=999998654, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from January 2021, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 January 2021, at 00:56. "A History of the Church", Philip Hughes, Sheed & Ward, rev ed 1949, vol I chapter 6. The ancient Greeks worshipped a variety of gods. Here’s some information and facts about the Gods and Goddesses worshipped by the Ancient Greeks: Although the stories contained in the Greek myths and legends make up part of the religion of the Ancient Greeks, they did not set out strict religious rules which must be followed (such as are set down in the Bible or the Koran). Theodosian Code 16.10.20; Symmachus Relationes 1-3; Ambrose Epistles 17-18. However, the established form of the religion lasted from about the time of the poet Homer (about the 9th or 8th century bc ) to around the 4th century ad , when the religion of Greece began to be overshadowed by that of imperial Rome. Animal sacrifice, harvest offerings, festivals, games, processions, dance, plays, in honor of the gods. After various rituals, the animal was slaughtered over the altar.  The libation, a ritual pouring of fluid, was part of everyday life, and libations with a prayer were often made at home whenever wine was drunk, with just a part of the cup's contents, the rest being drunk. When the Roman Republic conquered Greece in 146 BC, it took much of Greek religion (along with many other aspects of Greek culture such as literary and architectural styles) and incorporated it into its own. Pride was not evil until it became all-consuming or hurtful to others. Some of these mysteries, like the mysteries of Eleusis and Samothrace, were ancient and local. The enormous raised Pergamon Altar (now in Berlin) and the Altar of Hieron in Sicily are examples of unprecedentedly large constructions of the period. The image stood on a base, from the 5th century often carved with reliefs. In the early Mycenaean religion all the dead went to Hades, but the rise of mystery cults in the Archaic age led to the development of places such as Tartarus and Elysium. Altogether the year in Athens included some 140 days that were religious festivals of some sort, though varying greatly in importance. Polytheism. Greeks are responsible for introducing many literary forms and were pioneers in in many professional fields such as physics, philosophy, history, geometry, and biology. Chief among these were the gods and humans, though the Titans (who predated the Olympian gods) also frequently appeared in Greek myths. In addition, the only public roles that Greek women could perform were priestesses: either hiereiai, meaning "sacred women" or amphipolis, a term for lesser attendants. It had many fine buildings and was named after Athena, the goddess of wisdom and warfare. Plato even wanted to exclude the myths from his ideal state described in the Republic because of their low moral tone.  He enacted laws that prohibited worship of pagan gods not only in public, but also within private homes. Worship in Greece typically consisted of sacrificing domestic animals at the altar with hymn and prayer. In Athens the festivals honoring Demeter were included in the calendar and promoted by Athens, they constructed temples and shrines like the Thesmophorion, where women could perform their rites and worship.. The role of women in sacrifices is discussed above. The Acropolis of Athens is the most famous example, though this was apparently walled as a citadel before a temple was ever built there. Dionysos These Olympian go… Others were spread from place to place, like the mysteries of Dionysus. The Greeks had no religious texts they regarded as "revealed" scriptures of sacred origin, but very old texts including Homer's Iliad and Odyssey, and the Homeric hymns (regarded as later productions today), Hesiod's Theogony and Works and Days, and Pindar's Odes were regarded as having authority and perhaps being inspired; they usually begin with an invocation to the Muses for inspiration. It was hoped that by casting out the ritual scapegoat, the hardship would go with it. Greece is a country with a very rich history from the Bronze age, to the classical, Roman, Byzantibe, Ottoman and modern Greek period. , Greek religion and philosophy have experienced a number of revivals, firstly in the arts, humanities and spirituality of Renaissance Neoplatonism, which was certainly believed by many to have effects in the real world. Athens was the largest and most influential of the Greek city-states. There was a hierarchy of deities, with Zeus, the king of the gods, having a level of control over all the others, although he was not almighty. Ancient Greek religion encompasses the collection of beliefs, rituals, and mythology originating in ancient Greece in the form of both popular public religion and cult practices. Hubris constituted many things, from rape to desecration of a corpse, and was a crime in the city-state of Athens. Finally, some texts called ieri logi (Greek: ιεροί λόγοι) (sacred texts) by the ancient sources, originated from outside the Greek world, or were supposedly adopted in remote times, representing yet more different traditions within the Greek belief system. As Greek philosophy developed its ideas about ethics, the Olympians were bound to be found wanting. "Animals and Divination", In Campbell, G.L. Oligarchy. It was butchered on the spot and various internal organs, bones and other inedible parts burnt as the deity's portion of the offering, while the meat was removed to be prepared for the participants to eat; the leading figures tasted it on the spot. On a well-known sarcophagus from Ayías Triádhos in Crete, for example, a priestess dressed in a skin skirt assists at a sacrifice, flanked by wreathed axes on which squat birds. , the Piraeus, was one of the most ancient of Greek Atheistsexists, not even the words of gods... 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